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Year Eleven Unit Two: The Changing Economic World​​​​​​​

This unit is made up of Section B of Paper 2 of the AQA GCSE Geography specification.  Students begin by looking the inequalities in development across the world, before the causes and consequences of these inequalities and how the ‘development gap’ can be addressed. Students then study Nigeria as a case study of a Newly-Emerging Economy. In the final part of the unit, students study how the UK economy has changed over time.



Knowledge acquired:

AQA GCSE Geography specification:

  1. The Development Gap
  2. Nigeria: A Newly Emerging Economy
  3. The Changing UK Economy

Skills developed:

  • Ability to evaluate evidence and reach conclusions e.g. ‘To what extent does debt relief reduce the development gap?’
  • Ability to use maps and graphs and apply maths skills. e.g. by using a map to identify patterns in the level of economic development across the world.


  • Ability to understand geographical concepts and processes relating to the changing economic world

Links to previous study (where applicable):

  • Links to Living in the UK and Africa, studied in Year 7
  • Links to Development, studied in Year 8
  • Links to Globalisation, studied in Year 9
  • Link to prior learning at KS4 – applying learning to exam-style questions relating to KSU.

Links to future study / the wider world (where applicable):

  • Links to Section C of Paper 2.
  • Link to A Level e.g. AQA A Level – Global systems and Global governance



Number of Lessons: Approx. 24 lessons (some lessons take longer than one hour to complete)

Sequence of lessons: 

The Development Gap

NEE: Nigeria

Changing Economy of the UK

  1. Measuring development in an unequal world
  2. The Demographic Transition Model
  3. Causes of uneven development
  4. Uneven development – wealth and health
  5. Uneven development – migration
  6. Reducing the development gap – aid and intermediate technology
  7. Reducing the development gap – trade and fair trade
  8. Reducing the development gap – debt relief and microfinance
  9. Reducing the development gap - tourism
  1. Exploring Nigeria
  2. Nigeria in the wider world
  3. Balancing a changing economic structure
  4. The impacts of transnational corporations
  5. The impacts of international aid
  6. Managing environmental issues
  7. Quality of life in Nigeria
  1. Changes in the UK economy
  2. A post-industrial economy
  3. UK science and business parks
  4. Environmental impacts of industry
  5. Changing rural landscapes in the UK
  6. Changing transport infrastructure
  7. The north-south divide
  8. The UK in the wider world

Main resources:

  • OUP GCSE Geography Textbook for AQA: Pages 192 -253
  • Teacher-prepared PowerPoint activities for each lesson.
  • GCSEpod clips for each component.

Method(s) of assessment:

  • First section of The Development Gap as part of December Mock in Year 11.
  • End of topic assessment: 1 hour test at end of topic: mixture of 1,2, 4 and 6 mark questions. One 9 + 3 SPaG mark question.
  • Forms part of the Paper 2 mock exam, in March of Year 11.
  • Final assessment: assessed within Paper 2 (sat in June of Year 11).

Use of assessment result(s):

  • Used to identify areas of weakness in terms of knowledge and skills.  Addressed throughout the remainder of the course.