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Year Eight Topic Three: Development

In this topic students will learn how levels of development can be measured and compared between countries. Once students have built an understanding of what development is, they will analyse spatial global patterns and the reasons behind them.

Once this has been established student will learn about strategies that are being employed to close the gap between the poorest and richest countries. Population change is strongly linked to development, so students will spend some time looking at population growth and policies around the world. Alongside studying ‘the geography of crime’ and socio economics. Students will undertake a review of safety from crime within the school grounds.



Knowledge acquired:

  • Knowledge of how development can be measured
  • Knowledge of strategies towards reducing the development gap
  • Understand how populations change over time and how this could implicate a country

Skills developed:

  • Ability to use maps and graphs to identify patterns of development
  • Enquiry skills.
  • Map analysis


  •  Apply knowledge and understanding to interpret, analyse data to compare development level and the causes and impact of change

Links to previous study:

  • Links to Africa, studied in Year 7

Links to future study / the wider world (where applicable):

  • Links to The Changing Economic World, studied in Year 10
  • Links to Fieldwork Skills, studied in Year 10 and Fieldwork Investigations, studied in Year 11/li>



Number of lessons: 14

Sequence of lessons:

  1. Development indicators
  2. Comparing development levels
  3. Brandt line
  4. Development Gap
  5. Why some countries struggle to develop
  6. Bottom up approach
  7. Top down approach
  8. Aid and fair trade
  9. Demographic Transition Model
  10. Population growth in urban areas
  11. Population policies
  12. Geography of Crime
  13. How is crime managed around the school?

Main resources:

  • Geog.3 textbook
  • Teacher prepared PowerPoints
  • Worksheets

Method of assessment:

  • Skills assessment at the end of the unit
  • Peer marking after activities

Use of assessments:

  • Recall activities used to inform on-going teaching and learning.
  • End of topic test: used to identify areas of strength and weakness in terms of knowledge and skills.  Areas of weakness addressed throughout the remainder of the course.